Most people consider sketching to be a looser, less refined form of drawing.
Sketches are typically created as preliminary drawings in order to prepare for a more finished work of art. Sketches are typically created with quick marks and are usually lacking some of the details that a finished drawing may have.
Often, the “nuts and bolts” of a finished drawing is worked out in the sketching stage of the artistic process. Composition, balance between values, and proportion can all be worked out in a quick sketch, rather than jumping right into a finished drawing, risking mistakes.
Sketching vs. Drawing Mediums and Surfaces
Another consideration is the medium. Graphite, charcoal, ink and conte can all be considered as media that may be used to create a sketch, whereas pastels and colored pencils may be considered more finished media for a “drawing”. Sketches are also usually considered to be smaller than drawings, although many small “drawings” exist. Surface is another area where we can distinguish sketches from drawings.
Mostly, sketches are created on lower quality papers such as newsprint, while finished drawings are created on higher quality surfaces, like Bristol paper, rag paper, or drawing paper. But this definition of sketching isn’t quite complete. There are no rules here, just assumptions and generalizations.
The confusion can get intensified though when you consider that many sketches are quite significant and can be considered as “works of art” on their own. We see plenty of “sketches” by master artists in our art history books. These loose works are now considered “priceless” works of art, instead of lowly sketches. To blur the lines further, artists will often approach finished drawings with the intent of making them loose-much like sketches. Then there are the sketchpads and drawing pads. Can you sketch in a drawing pad or draw in a sketchpad? Why are they doing this to us?
I think we may be over thinking this one, so let me offer an analogy. Let’s compare sketching and drawing to eating dinner. You can approach this meal in any number of ways. You can hang around the house and eat some burgers, or you can get all dressed up and go out for a fancy dinner. Either way, you are eating dinner.
My opinion is that it’s all art. Sketching is just a less formal form of it.
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