When it comes to drawing and painting, it is important for artists to be able to create the illusion of space on a 2D surface. In reality, all realistic or representational art is dependent on creating an illusion. If creating realistic art is what you're after, then having the ability to create the illusion of space on a 2D surface is a skill that you need to master. There are a few tricks that you can use to create the illusion of space. In this free drawing lesson, we examine six ways to create the illusion of space on a 2D surface. Use them together to maximize the illusion.
1. Linear Perspective - By using either 1 point perspective, 2 point perspective, or 3 point perspective, an artist can create the illusion of space. Linear perspective is a drawing method that uses lines to draw objects in space.
2. Overlapping - When one object is positioned in front of another object, part of the object behind it may be blocked from view. This is called overlapping.
3. Size - Objects that are closer to a viewer appear larger than objects that are further off in the distance.
4. Placement on the Surface - Generally, objects that are positioned lower on the picture plane will appear closer than objects that are positioned higher on the picture plane.
6. Detail - Objects that are closer appear more detailed than objects that are further away.